CONFERENCE VENUE: Dorpat Conference Centre (DCC),
Address: Turu 2, TASKU, Tartu, 51013 (entrance by car from Soola street, on foot from Turu street)

PROGRAMME (01.11.2012)

DAY 1 (November 14, Wednesday)
SESSION A: Biodiversity and High Nature Value Farming - a state of play
Session explores approaches for defining and understanding farmland biodiversity (BD) in the Baltic Sea Region (BSR)
Time Location Presentation / Activity
08:00 - 09:00 DCC Registration
4th floor of the adjoining Tasku Centre, in front of lobby
09:00 - 09:15 DCC, HALL BAER Welcome
Helir-Valdor Seeder, the Minister, Estonian Ministry of Agriculture
09:15 - 09:35
(15+5 min)
DCC, HALL BAER What is a farmland biodiversity? An academic point of view
Irina Herzon, University of Helsinki, Finland
Scientific definition and interpretation of farmland biodiversity to set the framework for the conference
09:35 - 09:50
(10+5 min)
DCC, HALL BAER What is a farmland biodiversity? A farmer´s point of view
Aarne Ots, A Farmer, Sürgavere Agricultural Co-operative, Estonia
Nature-friendly farmer and agronomist introduces his views on biodiversity and what kind of steps he has taken in his farm to increase biodiversity potential and why biodiversity is useful for him
09:50 - 10:00 DCC, HALL BAER Reflection of presentations
10:00 - 10:25
(20+5 min)
DCC, HALL BAER Farmland biodiversity in BSR and intervening factors
Pille Koorberg, Agricultural Research Centre (ARC), Estonia
The general situation with farmland biodiversity in the Baltic Sea Region, main trends and signs of threats
10:25 - 10:50
(20+5 min)
DCC, HALL BAER On-going and future Rural Development Programmes under the CAP: a challenge or an opportunity for high nature value farming and biodiversity protection
Trees Robijns, BirdLife Europe
Which aspects from the CAP are the most important driving forces for BD protection? How different measures in RD should interact and what opportunities there are for improvement in the new policy? The state of play of the CAP reform, opportunities and challenges of CAP 2013+

Supporting materials:
Towards the 2014-2020 Rural Development Programmes, Part 1, The programming framework of EU funds

Towards the 2014-2020 Rural Development Programmes, Part 2, Rural development measures

Allen B, Keenleyside C and Menadue H (2012) Fit for the environment: principles and environmental priorities for the 2014 - 2020 Rural Development Programmes. Report produced for the RSPB. Institute for European Environmental Policy, London.
Time Location Presentation / Activity
10:50 - 11:00 DCC, HALL BAER Reflection of presentations
11:00 - 11:20
(20 min)
Lobby in front of hall BAER Coffee break
11:20 -11:45
(20+5 min)
DCC, HALL BAER View on the relationship between farming and biodiversity. A case study of Sweden
David Ståhlberg, Swedish Board of Agriculture, Sweden
What are the biodiversity functions in farming and what has been done in Sweden to support them?
11:45 - 12:10
(20+5 min)
DCC, HALL BAER Farming and biodiversity - where are borders for the high nature values? A case study of Estonia
Iiri Raa, ARC, Estonia
"High nature values" versus "nature values"? What and who is defining thresholds? What are the values to be preserved, how to identify and measure them? Does the secret for future farmland biodiversity lie in the large scale landscape heterogeneity or in small-scale specialized protection actions? Challenges for the identification of HNV farmland and its values a practical example from Estonia
12:10 - 12:30 DCC, HALL BAER Reflection of presentations
12:30 - 13:15
(45 min)
Lobby in front of hall BAER Lunch
SESSION B: How to monitor, calculate and interpret farmland biodiversity (BD) - is five better than six?
This session explores the functions of monitoring of farmland BD and its role in assessment of policies. Main questions which this session is trying to find answers:
· Why do we need and how can we use BD monitoring in policy making?
How much we can rely on and use assumptions and “common sense” without measuring the actual situation? Use and usefulness of “universal” farmland BD indicators
· How to set targets for farmland BD in the policies and measure achievements?
Targets at EU, regional and national level? Where goes the line between the “species richness” and “species poverty”? How to find best composition of species for high BD? How to quantify which level of farmland BD is high enough to preserve biodiversity and ensure ecosystem services in the region?
· Influence of diverse farmland landscapes in the region - different species have different needs - how to decide which landscape features/species should be preferred and measures selected to meet these controversial requirements of the species/habitats? (e.g. what is better - open landscape or mosaic landscape?) How to find the balance in setting the preservation targets?
· Interpretation of the monitoring results in the light of agricultural management - can we find causes for changes in the monitored taxa? How to differentiate landscape and agriculture derived impacts? How to explain changes if one indicator shows positive and the other negative trend? Which and how many intervening factors (e.g. landscape indices, land use data, weather conditions, and predators) should be considered while analysing farmland BD indicators? The trade-off of including too many factors in (model) analysis
· What is the specific role of farmland biodiversity in providing ecosystem services and public goods in Baltic Sea Region?
Time Location Presentation / Activity
13:15 - 13:20 DCC, HALL BAER Introduction to Session B
13:20 - 13:40
(15+5 min)
DCC, HALL BAER Are birds the best indicators for farmland?
Juha Tiainen, Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, Finland
How to monitor farmland birds for the policy impact purposes? How to set targets? What needs to be considered to find causes for changes in the monitored taxa? How results depend on the monitoring objects and the quality of the monitoring? What is expected from the AE monitoring and what do AE monitoring results actually represent and demonstrate? How can trends in farmland birds be related to changes in other taxa?
13:40 - 14:00
(15+5 min)
DCC, HALL BAER Bumblebees as farmland biodiversity indicators in Estonia
Eneli Viik, ARC, Estonia
Bumblebee monitoring in the frame of AE evaluation and challenges of interpreting results in policy and multiple intervening factors context. Why bumblebees as the farmland biodiversity indicators? How to set targets? What kind of farming actions may influence this taxa - leguminous crops in the crop-rotation, use of pesticides, etc.
14:00 - 14:20
(15+5 min)
DCC, HALL BAER Plant communities of high nature value grasslands
Anders Jacobson, Swedish Species Information Centre, Sweden
Value of the grassland plant communities. Reflecting the values - how to use plants as indicators? How to make decision - is it valuable at all? How to set targets? Should identification of high nature value grassland plant communities be calibrated between Member States? Should approach to restoration and management be calibrated between Member States? Do we need best practice guidelines or should rely on knowledge of the farmer and local level officials?
14:20 - 14:35
(15 min)
Lobby in front of hall BAER Coffee break
DCC, HALL BAER, HALL PARROT A participatory discussion technique will be used to address 3 key questions:
· Question 1: Why do we need farmland biodiversity monitoring to support our policy making in the Baltic Sea Region?
· Question 2: How can we set targets for our farmland biodiversity policy objectives in the Baltic Sea Region?
· Question 3: How can we improve the quality of farmland biodiversity monitoring and data accessibility in the Baltic Sea Region?
16:00 - 16:20
(15+5 min)
DCC, HALL BAER Landscape indices and farmland biodiversity
Juliana Dänhardt, Lund University, Sweden
Which landscape characteristics should be considered in (agricultural) policy assessments? Which landscape indices to choose and how, what do they present, pros- and cons. How to set targets?
Time Location Presentation / Activity
16:20 - 16:40
(15+5 min)
DCC, HALL BAER Role of functional agro-biodiversity (FAB) in preserving nature values
Felix Wäckers, Lancaster University/ Biobest, UK/Belgium
Introduction of FAB concept as an example of an action which is beneficial both for a farmer and for biodiversity and is not a supported policy measure. Experiences on fine-tuned multifunctional vegetation strip (insects and vegetation interactions, blooming conveyer according to the insects spreading).
19:00 - 20:15 Hotel Dorpat Small guided tour in town
Gathering at the reception of hotel Dorpat
20:30 - 22:30 History Museum Reception
University of Tartu, History Museum, address: Lossi 25, Tartu
DAY 2 (November 15, Thursday)
SESSION C: Common Objectives and Measures to Solve Common Problems?
This session will begin exploration of the potential for a common approach amongst the EU Member States in the BSR for optimising the use of future RDP measures (2014-2020) to protect farmland biodiversity in the region. A participatory approach will be used to encourage the sharing of experiences between practitioners and policy-makers from around the BSR
Time Location Presentation / Activity
09:00 - 09:10 DCC, HALL BAER Introduction of the day
09:10 - 11:15
(~2 h)
Practical measures implemented (e.g. under CAP/RDP) to preserve farmland biodiversity
A participatory discussion technique will be used to address 3 key opening questions:
· What are the common farmland biodiversity issues in the BSR?
· Is it desirable and / or feasible to co-ordinate future policy measures in the BSR Member States to more effectively protect farmland biodiversity in the region? How to improve this cooperation?
· What common measures could be important for including in all RDPs of the BSR?
11:15 - 11:30
(15 min)
Lobby in front of hall BAER Coffee Break
SESSION D: Moving towards future - applicable solutions for common farmland biodiversity issues?
11:30 - 13:00 (~1,5 h) DCC, HALL BAER, HALL PARROT Open Discussion Session
Participants will be invited to set their own agenda for the next 3 hours of the programme (excluding lunch) until 15:15 by selecting key issues ('hot topics') of specific interest / concern to them. Space and time will be provided for participants to engage deeply, creatively and flexibly in discussion of these issues. The facilitator will begin the session by providing an overview of the process
13:00 - 13:45
(45 min)
Lobby in front of hall BAER Lunch
13:45 - 15:35
(~1,5 h)
DCC, HALL BAER, HALL PARROT Open Discussion Session (continues)
15:35 - 16:15
(~40 min)
DCC, HALL BAER Results of Open Discussion Sessions and general reflections of the conference
Feedback from the conveners of the open discussion groups
16:15 - 16:30 DCC, HALL BAER Closing the conference
Pille Koorberg , ARC, Estonia
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